What Is Balance in Art and Why Does It Matter

Balance is one of the most crucial principles in art’s domain. Balance and symmetry are interconnected. But they are not exactly the same thing.

Take a look at their definitions:

  • Symmetry — The visual quality of the repeating parts of an image along an axis, along a path, or around a center.
  • Asymmetry, on the other hand, refers to everything that is not symmetrical.
  • Balance is a visual principle whereby a design looks equally balanced throughout the composition.

Artist’s basically depends on balance when they are trying to create visual weight on their works. Balance measures the visual weight of your composition, which affects how much each element draws the attention of your audience. Key elements used in order to achieve balance are lines, shapes as well as color. There are two kinds of balance namely the symmetrical and asymmetrical balance.

  • Symmetrical balance – Symmetrical balance occurs when your composition has the same visual weight on each side of the axis. Imagine perfect mirror images looking at each other around a central axis. This type of balance causes grace and simplicity. It’s nice to look at it, but also very predictable.
  • Asymmetric balance – A composition with an unequal weight on both sides has an asymmetric balance. This visual method, more interesting from the point of view of symmetry, has a large focal point on the one hand and several less significant focal points on the other.

Symmetrical balance often goes with the name formal balance whereas asymmetrical balance is also known as informal balance.

Vitruvian Man by Leonardo Da Vinci

Any work of art must be balanced. Moreover, even the most expressive and dynamic composition is still subject to the law of equilibrium, because only in this way will it be completed. But what does this mean?

When an artist depicts any objects, he distributes them on the plane of a sheet or canvas. Some of them are larger, some are smaller. Some are located on the left, some on the right … This very distribution of objects in the sheet can create a feeling of movement, displacement, balance, etc.

In order to know which kind of balance is used by an artist one needs an imaginary line at the center of the artwork. Formal balance is defined as something which depicts similar things from both sides of your imaginary line. In informal balance on the other hand both sides of imaginary lines contain different things and thus the other side seems to be a little heavier as compared to the other side. Informal balance is more psychological in nature in that it is usually felt rather than noticed.

Most of Da Vinci’s works contains symmetrical balance. Da Vinci’s Proportion of the Human Figure is highly symmetrical in nature. This particular work depicts how a human body could create different shapes such as circle, square, and triangle. In this particular work Da Vinci created balance by creating appropriate proportion which gave birth to balance. The appearance of symmetrical balance in the Proportion of the Human Figure could be attributed to the fact that there had been an approximate symmetry in this particular work.

As compared to Leonardo Da Vinci, Deborah Butterfield uses more asymmetrical balnce on her works rather than symmetrical. An example of asymmetrical balance on her work could be found on her Verde. By drawing an imaginary line at the center we could basically see that the one side is heavier than the other and they depict different things as compared to Da Vinci’s Proportion of the Human Figure. In this particular work Butterfield used steel to achieve her desired end.

The head of the horse seems to be weightless since it seems like merely a stick protruding as compared to its body which seems to be full of steel and thus appears heavier. This technique allowed her a great example of depicting asymmetrical balance in art.

When confronting symmetry with asymmetry, it must be remembered that the visual mass of a symmetric figure will be greater than the mass of an asymmetric figure of a similar size and shape; symmetry creates balance in itself and is generally considered beautiful and harmonious. But there is a flip side to the coin – it is often devoid of dynamics and may seem static and boring; asymmetry, as the antipode of static symmetry, usually brings dynamics to the composition.

Composition is an integral part of a work of art. Compositional rules, techniques and means are based on the rich creative experience of artists of many generations, but the compositional technique does not stand still, it is constantly evolving, enriched by the creative practice of new masters.


  • “Principles of Design,”; The Artspace Team, 1997) Reference: Principles of Design [Electronic Version] from http://sjc. ceu. edu/departments/art/chp03. pdf.
  • The Artspace Team. (1997). Balance [Electronic Version] from http://www. peonqueen. com/ArtSpace/temp_exhib/art2/bal. html.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyStudyWriters
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Great job
Customer 452773, February 13th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Thank you for your hard work and help
Customer 452773, February 21st, 2023
Criminal Justice
The paper was not accused of plagiarism and was written very well. I will let you know the grade once it is graded. Thank you
Customer 452671, April 26th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
excellent work
Customer 452773, July 3rd, 2023
Human Resources Management (HRM)
Customer 452773, July 11th, 2023
Human Resources Management (HRM)
excellent job
Customer 452773, June 25th, 2023
Leadership Studies
awesome work as always
Customer 452773, August 19th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Customer 452773, February 23rd, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent job thank you Your Score 166.25/ 175- A 1. Current Culture 15% of total grade 18.37 Criterion "1. Current Culture" has textual feedback Criterion Feedback I see interesting points, though, in general they are not about the culture.
Customer 452773, June 4th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
looks good thank you
Customer 452773, March 3rd, 2023
10th grade English
very good
Customer 452773, March 26th, 2023
Social Work and Human Services
Although it took 2 revisions I am satisfied but I did receive it late because of that.
Customer 452603, March 25th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes
Live ChatWhatsApp