Existentialism and Phenomenology versus Hegelian Idealism

Existentialism and Phenomenology versus Hegelian Idealism

Continental Philosophy is a set of beliefs that came from english speaking philosophers during the 19th and 20th centuries, primarily, as European reaction to analytic philosophy and  Hegel’s form of Idealism (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  The grounds of continental philosophy’s core contrasts the influences of Hegelian Idealism to various fields such as literature, theology and art. Continental Philosophy is comprised of numerous schools such as Existentialism, Phenomenology, Hermoneutics, Deconstruction and Critical Theory of Frankfurt (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Two notable schools, in terms of influence, are Existentialism and Phenomenology.  Existentialism and Phenomenology trace the origins of their themes from Socrates’ beliefs and the pre-Socratic era (Moore and Bruder, 2005). 

Phenomenology is a belief which is part of the vast wave of continental philosophy based on the works of Edmund Husserl (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  It is generally centered on the essential structures found within the stream of conscious experience or phenomena, these structures exhibit liberal manifestations from the  assunptions and pre-suppositions of science.  Phenomenology traces its roots from the principles of Kant and Hegel, ironically, phenomenologists deny concepts of Hegelian Idealism  (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Husserl deems phenomenology as a study of the essence in an individualistic manner.  Edmund Husserl believes that the possibility of cerainty is still plausible, thus, he presented a science that studies structures identical to every consciousness, the universal phenomenology of consciousness (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Husserl acquired numerous vital principles that aid to the foundation of Phenomenology.  Mainly, Franz Brentano’s intentionality, which posits that mental acts are intentional and the fundamentals of such acts give description to the basic structure of consciousness (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  That every mental has an objective which is the key factor that defines mental phenomena from its physical counterpart.  Husserl’s application of intentionality aims to conquer the cubject/object division dominant in philosophy.  Martin Heiddeger, a famed phenomenologist is greatly influenced by Husserl’s work, though he sees Husserl’s approach on the subject/object matter as a flaw.  Heiddeger also pays attention on the expansion of phenomenological queries to envelope understanding of the Being, hence making phenomenology a the study of being (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Like Husserl, Heiddeger is also inclined to the idea that it is a necessity to contemplate on things clearly, with the absence of presuppositions of the past and present, to have a perspective of things with a deeper basis.  Basically, Heiddeger’s philosophy contradicted the orthodox examinations of the world and the things found in it because Heiddeger believes that the course of this quest for knowledge puts the self aside (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Heiddegers thought on poetry suggests a silent, nonimpositional appraoch in order to see the Being as it makes its presence known (Moore and Bruder, 2005).

Heiddeger claims that thought is dependent on Being, and Being , makes thought possible.  Thus, Heiddeger states that humans, for the purpose of enlightenment, need to consider the Being, rather than looking into themselves alone (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  This poetic thinking, for Heiddeger, tends to discover uncharted territories and that traditional philosophies and metaphysics must be set aside for this more original method of thinking (Moore and Bruder, 2005).

Existentialism is a philosophical belief suggesting that humans create the meaning of their very existence.  Particularly, Existentialism postulates themes regarding existence that tend to drift away from the conventional concerns of philosophy and is more focused on the matters surrounding human existence (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Existentialists believe that life in itself is meaningless and absurd if an individual will not face or contemplate on the the existential concerns (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Early Existentialists such as Soren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche believe that traditional philosophy such as Metaphysical systems and rationality are useless attempts to overcome pessimism and despair and that such beliefs are disregard for the human predicament (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Nietzsche and Kierkegaard primarily believed that 19th century philosphy and culture shrouded major issues like emptiness and decadence (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Kierkegaard and Nietzsche contended against the destructive effects of traditional philosophies to various practices such as religion.  Nietzsche disapproved of the church’s augmenting of Christianity, which he thought of as a mislead to the values of Christ.  Kierkegaard and Nietzsche repelled the dominant beliefs of the 19th century and started a  new trend that mainly concern human existence, the themes of their philosophy also extended its arms to artforms such as literature and painting throughout the 20th century (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  The existentialists express resentment for senseless thought systems and focus more on the conditions surrounding human existence influenced art movements like Surrealism, Dadaism and Expressionism (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  However, the two differ in their perspectives of religion, particularly on the argument of its significance to a person’s life.  Kierkegaard claims that Christian belief and faith for that matter is a personal experience, while for Nietzsche, Christian faith is merely a means to atone for the people’s weaknesses (Moore and Bruder, 2005).

Albert Camus, a contemporary existentialist crusader follows the tradition of Husserl and Heiddeger (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Albert Camus believes that people live and die without seeing the the true nature of things (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  That humans block the true human needs with forced optimism.  Thereby, dominantly placing self-deception in their sense of being, making humans lost and misguided from the self and from the disablity to fill the essential needs.  Camus gave two needs that a person must fill, first is the need for clarity and understanding, second is the need for social warmth contact (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Camus furthers that we live in an absurd world wherein such human needs go unsatisfied.  Camus blames the opaqueness and density of the world for the insufficient reason  as to why things happen (Moore and Bruder, 2005).  Camus also states that humans, in this violent age tend to remain strangers to themselves and to one another which causes the second need’s unaccomplishment (Moore and Bruder, 2005).

Works Cited

Moore, Brooke Noel, and Kenneth Burder. Philosophy: The power of Ideas, Sixth Edition.          New York: Mcgraw-Hill Companies, 2005.

Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with MyStudyWriters
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Thank you!
Customer 452545, February 6th, 2021
Human Resources Management (HRM)
excellent, great job
Customer 452773, June 19th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Excellent work ,always done early
Customer 452773, February 21st, 2023
Business and administrative studies
Thank you for your hard work
Customer 452773, October 19th, 2023
Managerial Accounting & Legal Aspects of Business ACC/543
excellent work
Customer 452773, February 7th, 2024
Business and administrative studies
Excellent job
Customer 452773, March 9th, 2023
Business and administrative studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, March 12th, 2023
Customer 452773, March 21st, 2024
ACC/543: Managerial Accounting & Legal Aspects Of Business
Customer 452773, January 10th, 2024
Customer 452773, March 15th, 2024
Thank you
Customer 452811, February 17th, 2024
Leadership Studies
excellent job
Customer 452773, August 26th, 2023
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat

Sometimes it is hard to do all the work on your own

Let us help you get a good grade on your paper. Get professional help and free up your time for more important courses. Let us handle your;

  • Dissertations and Thesis
  • Essays
  • All Assignments

  • Research papers
  • Terms Papers
  • Online Classes
Live ChatWhatsApp