AVIA 409 Safety Management Systems Written Assignment Instructions Safety Culture Paper: -APA format with a title page, 1-2 pages of content, and a References page if necessary. -Choose either the NA

AVIA 409 Safety Management Systems

Written Assignment InstructionsSafety Culture Paper:

-APA format with a title page, 1-2 pages of content, and a References page if necessary. -Choose either the NASCAR or Alaska DPS accident case study.

-Submit an essay on the role of organizational culture (good or bad) in the accident case. 

-You must cite the NTSB report, as well as any additional (optional) sources used in the paper.

Cost Benefit Analysis: -APA format with a title page, 1-2 pages of content, and a References page if necessary. -See the DOT’s VSL paper at: https://www.transportation.gov/office-policy/transportation-policy/revised-departmental-guidance-on-valuation-of-a-statistical-life-in-economic-analysis

-Reference also the Excel spreadsheet in Canvas.-Write an essay justifying a $10,000 investment in a twin axis flight envelope protection system for a Piper Seminole. 

-You should explain why this investment is worthwhile, and explain how even a conservative estimate of the effectiveness of this mitigation still results in a safety Return on Investment after [x] years. You should also describe the DOT’s Value of Statistical Life, and the methodology behind this cost/benefit analysis.

Safety Policy Paper:

-APA format with a title page, 1-2 pages of content, and a References page if necessary. 

-Critique the sample policy statement to determine what would need to be amended in order to meet FAA SMS Part 5 regulations.

Risk Management Paper:-APA format with a title page, 1-2 pages of content, and a References page if necessary. 

-Using the 5 step process, assess the risk involved with a specific scenario related to ground transportation.

-Describe the System – 1 Paragraph explaining the scope of your risk assessment (e.g. pedestrian safety on LU campus).

-Identify Hazards – List (in paragraph form) at least 10 hazards. (E.g. Cars, scooters, ice on sidewalks, etc.)

-Analyze Risk – Select at least 3 risks derived from some of the hazards and explain the reasonable severity and likelihood of that risk using the Risk Matrix in chapter 2 (e.g. the severity of being run over by a car is severe because this would likely cause severe, potentially life threatening injury. The likelihood of an individual being run over by a car is improbable, however, because it is unlikely to occur to most students).

-Assess the Risk – determine whether the risk is already acceptable using existing mitigations/best practices (e.g. the risk of being run over by a car is mitigated by having a pedestrian breezeway physically separated from road traffic, and by using sidewalks and crosswalks throughout campus. This risk is low enough to be acceptable with existing mitigations).

-Mitigate the Risk – propose at least one additional mitigation for one of the risks assessed in order to lower the severity and/or likelihood of the risk occurring. (E.G. requiring pedestrians to look both ways before using a crosswalk would mitigate the likelihood of a collision by increasing situational awareness).

Safety Assurance Paper:-APA format with a title page, 1-2 pages of content, and a References page if necessary. 

-Imagine that you have been contracted to provide an external safety audit for an aviation company. You have the opportunity to send a confidential survey to all staff members working within the aviation department. 

-Choose three questions that you would ask to assess the safety program of that company. 

-List the three questions that you would use and explain why these three questions are important for assessing safety.

Safety Promotion Poster:

-Non APA.

-Identify a safety message from your Risk Management paper and craft a one page safety promotional flyer that you could send out to promote safety around the risk(s) identified. 

Term Paper: 

-APA format with a title page, 3-5 pages of content, and a References page if necessary. 

-Submit a 3-5 page paper expanding on one of the previous safety papers from earlier in the term (e.g. safety culture, cost-benefit analysis, safety policy, risk management, safety assurance or safety promotion). You may use your previous work as a basis for this paper. 

-Format the draft to APA format as it will be graded to the same standard as your final paper.

Example of Paper

Risk Management for Fatigued Drivers

Jonathan P. AcreeSchool of Aeronautics, Liberty University AVIA 409: Safety Management Systems Mr. Andrew WaltonMarch 3, 2020

Risk Management for Fatigued Drivers

The risk assessment that is discussed in this paper is the risk of a sleep deprived and fatigued student driving on the Liberty University campus. It will be a risk assessment based on a student who stayed up half the night working on a school project for his/her class that begins at 8:15 a.m. the next morning. An individual who has gotten a few hours of sleep has been proven to have a reduction in their reflexes and decision making while driving (Yegneswaran, 2007). There are a number of hazards and risks that are present when an individual drives sleep deprived and fatigued.


There is a long list of hazards that are present in the scope of the risk explained in the paragraph above. The hazards include: other cars, pedestrians, lamp posts, scooters, skateboarders, ditches, buildings, sidewalks, telephone poles, and the traffic circle.

Risk Matrix

There are several risks that come from the long list of hazards that are present for a sleep deprived and fatigued student. One of the risks to analyze is the risk of traveling into an intersection with a red light and being hit by another car. The severity of hitting another car or being hit by another car while traveling through an intersection is severe due to the probability of loss of life. There is a low likelihood of this accident happening to a student at Liberty University due to the improbability of running a red-light on campus. Another risk is the risk of the student veering off the road into a ditch after their eyes have been closed for an extended period of time. The severity of veering off the road into a ditch can cause serious injury but in most cases would cause more damage to the car and not to the student, making the severity minor or major. The likelihood of veering off the road as a sleep deprived student would be occasional to remote.


Another risk that comes from the many hazards is the risk of hitting a student riding a Bird scooter around campus. The severity of losing focus and hitting a Bird scooter as it drives on the side of the road is major to severe. There is a big probability of loss of life on the side of the Bird student driver. The likelihood of this accident occurring seems to be in the improbable and remote sections of the risk matrix.

Previous Mitigations

The fact of sleep deprived and fatigued drivers is nothing new to the travel industry and there has been a couple ways to try and mitigate the risk. One way they are trying to mitigate the risk is advertising campaigns for the warning of driving while tired. Another route to help mitigate the risk is the function of caffeine energy drinks to give the driver a quick boost to keep them awake. The risk of driving while sleep deprived and fatigued has been proven to be just almost as dangerous as driving while under the influence. This problem is something that doesn’t have many mitigations in place and there will need to be better ways to mitigate the risk in the future.


One way to possibly help mitigate the risk of sleep deprived and fatigued students is to require a certain amount of sleep out of their students. As well as making it clear to students the dangers of driving while sleep deprived and fatigued. To set up a public campaign on the campus to help show what can happen to the student and help prevent major accidents from happening on campus.


ReferencesYegneswaran, Balaji, and Colin Shapiro. “Do Sleep Deprivation and Alcohol Have the Same

Effects on Psychomotor Performance?” Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 63, no. 6, 2007, pp. 569–572., doi:10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.020. 

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